Common feet trouble


Plantar fasciitis (πελματιαια απονευρωσιτιδα) is identified based on your medical history and physical exam. During the test, your health care professional will check for areas of inflammation in your foot. The place of your discomfort can help establish its cause.
The majority of people who have plantar fasciitis recuperate in several months with conventional therapy, such as icing the agonizing area, stretching, and customizing or staying away from activities that cause pain.
Painkiller you can acquire over the counter such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen salt (Aleve) can alleviate the pain and swelling of plantar fasciitis.
Physical therapy or utilizing unique devices could soothe signs. Treatment might include:

  • Physical treatment. A physical therapist can show you exercises to stretch the plantar fascia and Achilles tendon and to strengthen lower leg muscles. A specialist additionally may show you to use athletic taping to sustain all-time low of your foot.
  • Night splints. Your treatment group may recommend that you put on a splint that holds the plantar fascia and Achilles tendon in an extended setting over night to promote extending while you sleep.
  • Orthotics. Your health care specialist could prescribe off-the-shelf or custom-fitted arc supports, called orthotics, to disperse the stress on your feet much more equally.
  • Strolling boot, walking sticks or crutches. Your healthcare expert may suggest among these for a quick duration either to maintain you from relocating your foot or to keep you from putting your complete weight on your foot.


Treatment for a sprained ankle (διαστρεμμα) depends on the seriousness of your injury. The treatment goals are to lower pain and swelling, promote recovery of the ligament, and restore function of the ankle joint. For extreme injuries, you may be referred to a specialist in musculoskeletal injuries, such as an orthopedic cosmetic surgeon or a physician focusing on physical medicine and rehab.
For self-care of an ankle joint sprain, make use of the R.I.C.E. method for the initial 2 or three days:

  • Rest. Stay clear of tasks that create pain, swelling or pain.
  • Ice. Utilize a cold pack or ice slush bathroom right away for 15 to 20 minutes and repeat every 2 to 3 hours while you’re awake. If you have vascular disease, diabetes or reduced sensation, talk with your medical professional before using ice.
  • Compression. To aid quit swelling, press the ankle with a stretchable bandage up until the swelling stops. Don’t prevent circulation by wrapping also firmly. Begin covering at the end farthest from your heart.
  • Altitude. To reduce swelling, boost your ankle joint over the degree of your heart, especially during the night. Gravity helps in reducing swelling by draining pipes excess fluid.
    In many cases, over-the-counter pain relievers– such as advil (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or naproxen salt (Aleve, others) or acetaminophen (Tylenol, others)– suffice to handle the discomfort of a sprained ankle.
    Since strolling with a sprained ankle could be unpleasant, you might need to make use of props till the pain subsides. Depending on the severity of the sprain, your medical professional may advise a stretchable bandage, sports tape or an ankle joint assistance brace to stabilize the ankle. In the case of an extreme sprain, a cast or strolling boot might be needed to incapacitate the ankle while it heals.
    As soon as the swelling and pain is lessened enough to return to movement, your physician will ask you to start a series of workouts to restore your ankle joint’s variety of motion, stamina, versatility and security. Your medical professional or a physiotherapist will certainly explain the proper technique and development of workouts.
    Balance and security training is especially vital to retrain the ankle joint muscular tissues to collaborate to sustain the joint and to assist protect against frequent strains. These workouts may entail different degrees of equilibrium difficulty, such as standing on one leg.
    If you sprained your ankle joint while working out or taking part in a sport, speak with your physician concerning when you can resume your task. Your medical professional or physical therapist might desire you to perform specific task and movement examinations to determine just how well your ankle functions for the sports you play.


Athlete’s foot is a typical fungal infection (μυκητες στα ποδια) that influences the feet. You can generally treat it with lotions, sprays or powders from a pharmacy, but it can keep coming back.

Signs and symptoms of professional athlete’s foot.
Among the main symptoms of Athlete’s foot is scratchy white patches in between your toes.

It can likewise create sore and half-cracked patches on your feet.
The skin can look red, but this may be less recognizable on brown or black skin.

Often the skin on your feet may come to be cracked or hemorrhage.

Various other signs and symptoms.
Professional athlete’s foot can also impact your soles or sides of your feet. It occasionally triggers fluid-filled blisters.
If it’s not dealt with, the infection can spread to your nails and trigger a fungal nail infection.
A pharmacist can help with athlete’s foot.
Professional athlete’s foot is not likely to get better on its own, but you can acquire antifungal medicines for it from a drug store. They usually take a few weeks to function.
Athlete’s foot therapies are offered as:.

  • creams.
  • sprays.
  • powders.
    They’re not all appropriate for everybody– as an example, some are only for adults. Constantly inspect the packet or ask a pharmacologist.
    You may need to attempt a couple of therapies to discover one that works best for you.
    Find a drug store.
    Things you can do if you have athlete’s foot.
    You can keep utilizing some pharmacy treatments to quit athlete’s foot returning.
    It’s additionally important to keep your feet tidy and dry. You do not require to stay off work or college.
  • dry your feet after washing them, specifically between your toes– swab them completely dry instead of rubbing them.
  • – make use of a separate towel for your feet and clean it regularly.
  • – take your shoes off when in your home.
  • -.
    use tidy socks daily– cotton socks are best.
  • do not scrape affected skin– this can spread it to various other parts of your body.
  • – do not walk around barefoot– use flip-flops in position like altering spaces and showers.
  • – do not share towels, socks or footwear with other people.
  • – do not put on the very same pair of footwear for greater than 2 days straight.
  • -.
    do not put on footwear that make your feet hot and sweaty.
    Maintain following this suggestions after ending up treatment to help quit athlete’s foot coming back.
    Non-urgent recommendations: See a general practitioner if:.
    You have athlete’s foot and:.
  • therapies from a drug store do not function.
  • you remain in a lot of discomfort.
  • your foot or leg is warm, unpleasant and red (the soreness may be less noticeable on brown or black skin)– this could be an extra significant infection.
  • the infection infects various other parts of your body such as your hands.
  • you have diabetes– foot issues can be much more serious if you have diabetics issues.
  • you have a damaged immune system– as an example, you have had a body organ transplant or are having chemotherapy.
    Treatment for athlete’s foot from a GP.
    The general practitioner might:.
  • send out a little scratching of skin from your feet to a laboratory to check you have professional athlete’s foot.
  • recommend a steroid cream to utilize together with antifungal lotion.
  • recommend antifungal tablet computers– you could need to take these for several weeks.
  • refer you to a skin expert (dermatologist) for even more tests and treatment if needed.
    Exactly how you get professional athlete’s foot.
    You can capture athlete’s foot from other individuals with the infection.
    You can get it by:.
  • walking barefoot in position where another person has professional athlete’s foot– specifically transforming spaces and showers.
  • touching the affected skin of a person with athlete’s foot.
    You’re more probable to get it if you have wet or perspiring feet, or if the skin on your feet is damaged.